Doch welcher Superman-Schauspieler war denn nun der beste? Neben Batman ist Superman, alias Clark Kent, die wohl bekannteste Figur des. Superman ist der Name einer Comicfigur, die in den er-Jahren von den beiden US-Amerikanern Jerry Siegel und Joe Shuster geschaffen wurde und in ihrer heute bekannten Form ihren ersten Auftritt hatte. Besetzung und Stab von Superman, Regisseur: Richard Donner. Besetzung: Christopher Reeve, Marlon Brando, Gene Hackman, Margot Kidder.
total klassischHenry William Dalgliesh Cavill (* 5. Mai auf Jersey, Kanalinseln) ist ein britischer Schauspieler. Bei Batman Begins wie auch bei Superman Returns und James Bond – Casino Royale nahm er an den Castings teil, die jeweiligen. Besetzung und Stab von Superman, Regisseur: Richard Donner. Besetzung: Christopher Reeve, Marlon Brando, Gene Hackman, Margot Kidder. Doch welcher Superman-Schauspieler war denn nun der beste? Neben Batman ist Superman, alias Clark Kent, die wohl bekannteste Figur des.
Superman Schauspieler Navigation menu VideoHenry Cavill Gibt Zu, Was Wir Schon Immer Vermutet Haben
UGO Networks. Retrieved Turner Classic Movies. Atlanta : Turner Broadcasting System Time Warner. Retrieved December 10, The Huffington Post.
United States: AOL. Retrieved August 7, BBC News. Layton, Utah: Gibbs Smith. Not Panicking, Ltd. American Cinematographer.
Retrieved 1 March InfoWorld Media Group, Inc. April 13, Dictionary of Literary Biography: American Novelists Since World War II.
Gale Research. Voice of Youth Advocates VOYA. Screen Rant. Retrieved June 12, Box Office Mojo. Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved January 9, The Official Razzie Movie Guide: Enjoying the Best of Hollywood's Worst.
New York City : Grand Central Publishing. Ares Magazine. TSR, Inc. Imagine review. TSR Hobbies UK , Ltd. Not-Knowing: the essays and interviews.
New York City : Random House Value Publishing. Oktober starb Reeve im Alter von 52 Jahren, nachdem er einen Tag zuvor einen Herzstillstand erlitten hatte und ins Koma gefallen war.
Ursache war eine Infektion , die er sich durch eine wundgelegene Stelle zugezogen hatte. Der Film Superman Returns , der eine implizite Fortsetzung der Superman-Filme mit Reeve darstellt, ist Reeve und seiner Frau Dana gewidmet.
Seine Frau Dana überlebte ihn um anderthalb Jahre. Der geborene Sohn von Reeves Tochter erhielt seinen Vornamen.
Superman II PG min Action, Adventure, Sci-Fi 6. Superman III PG min Action, Adventure, Comedy 5. Superman IV: The Quest for Peace PG 90 min Action, Adventure, Sci-Fi 3.
Superman Returns PG min Action, Sci-Fi 6. Man of Steel PG min Action, Adventure, Sci-Fi 7. Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice PG min Action, Adventure, Sci-Fi 6.
Untitled Superman Project Action, Adventure, Fantasy Announced Plot unknown. List Activity Views: , in last week 1, Superman has sold more comic books over his publication history than any other American superhero character.
Superman 75 Nov sold over 23 million copies,  making it the best-selling issue of a comic book of all time, thanks to a media sensation over the supposedly permanent death of the character in that issue.
In March , Action Comics sold just 51, copies, although such low figures are normal for superhero comic books in general for comparison, Amazing Spider-Man sold only , copies.
Comic book stories can be produced quickly and cheaply, and are thus an ideal medium for experimentation. Whereas comic books in the s were read by children, since the s the average reader has been an adult.
This made comic books less accessible to children. Beginning in January , a Superman daily comic strip appeared in newspapers, syndicated through the McClure Syndicate.
A color Sunday version was added that November. Jerry Siegel wrote most of the strips until he was conscripted in The Sunday strips had a narrative continuity separate from the daily strips, possibly because Siegel had to delegate the Sunday strips to ghostwriters.
Initially, Siegel was allowed to write Superman more or less as he saw fit because nobody had anticipated the success and rapid expansion of the franchise.
Mort Weisinger was the editor on Superman comics from to , his tenure briefly interrupted by military service.
Siegel and his fellow writers had developed the character with little thought of building a coherent mythology, but as the number of Superman titles and the pool of writers grew, Weisinger demanded a more disciplined approach.
Elements such as Bizarro , Supergirl , the Phantom Zone , the Fortress of Solitude , alternate varieties of kryptonite , robot doppelgangers , and Krypto were introduced during this era.
The complicated universe built under Weisinger was beguiling to devoted readers but alienating to casuals. Weisinger retired in and Julius Schwartz took over.
By his own admission, Weisinger had grown out of touch with newer readers. These changes would eventually be reversed by later writers.
Schwartz allowed stories with serious drama such as " For the Man Who Has Everything " Superman Annual 11 , in which the villain Mongul torments Superman with an illusion of happy family life on a living Krypton.
Schwartz retired from DC Comics in and was succeeded by Mike Carlin as an editor on Superman comics. His retirement coincided with DC Comics' decision to streamline the shared continuity called the DC Universe with the companywide-crossover storyline " Crisis on Infinite Earths ".
Writer John Byrne rewrote the Superman mythos, again reducing Superman's powers, which writers had slowly re-strengthened, and revised many supporting characters, such as making Lex Luthor a billionaire industrialist rather than a mad scientist, and making Supergirl an artificial shapeshifting organism because DC wanted Superman to be the sole surviving Kryptonian.
Carlin was promoted to Executive Editor for the DC Universe books in , a position he held until Carlson took his place as editor of the Superman comics.
In the earlier decades of Superman comics, artists were expected to conform to a certain "house style".
After Shuster left National, Wayne Boring succeeded him as the principal artist on Superman comic books. The first adaptation of Superman beyond comic books was a radio show, The Adventures of Superman , which ran from to for 2, episodes, most of which were aimed at children.
The episodes were initially 15 minutes long, but after they were lengthened to 30 minutes. Most episodes were done live.
The show was produced by Robert Maxwell and Allen Ducovny, who were employees of Superman, Inc. In Superman had a Tony -nominated musical play produced on Broadway.
It's a Bird It's a Plane It's Superman featured music by Charles Strouse , lyrics by Lee Adams and book by David Newman and Robert Benton. Paramount Pictures released a series of Superman theatrical animated shorts between and Seventeen episodes in total were made, each 8—10 minutes long.
The first nine episodes were produced by Fleischer Studios and the next eight were produced by Famous Studios.
Bud Collyer provided the voice of Superman. The first live-action adaptation of Superman was a movie serial released in , targeted at children.
Kirk Alyn became the first actor to portray the hero onscreen. It was the most profitable movie serial in movie history. Superman , was released in For flying scenes, Superman was hand-drawn in animated form, composited onto live-action footage.
The first big-budget movie was Superman in , starring Christopher Reeve and produced by Alexander and Ilya Salkind. It is the most successful Superman feature film to date in terms of box office revenue adjusted for inflation.
Superman was the first big-budget superhero movie, and its success arguably paved the way for later superhero movies like Batman and Spider-Man In , Man of Steel was released by Warner Bros.
Its sequel, Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice , featured Superman alongside Batman and Wonder Woman , making it the first theatrical movie in which Superman appeared alongside other superheroes from the DC Universe.
Cavill reprised his role in Justice League and is under contract to play Superman in one more film. Adventures of Superman , which aired from to , was the first television series based on a superhero.
It starred George Reeves as Superman. Whereas the radio serial was aimed at children, this television show was aimed at a general audience,   although children made up the majority of viewers.
Robert Maxwell, who produced the radio serial , was the producer for the first season. For the second season, Maxwell was replaced with Whitney Ellsworth.
Ellsworth toned down the violence of the show to make it more suitable for children, though he still aimed for a general audience. This show was extremely popular in Japan, where it achieved an audience share rating of His first animated television series was The New Adventures of Superman , which aired from to The show also feature a seven-minute part focused on Superboy named The Adventures of Superboy.
Starting in , Superman was one of the leading characters in Hanna-Barbera produced an animated series called Super Friends and all its sequels until To celebrate his 50th anniversary, Ruby-Spears produced an animated series partially based on Superman and post-Crisis Superman comics created by John Byrne.
The model sheets for this series were drawn by legendary comics artist Gil Kane and most of the episodes were written by comics writer Marv Wolfman.
Superboy aired from to It was produced by Alexander and Ilya Salkind, the same men who had produced the Superman movies starring Christopher Reeve.
This show was aimed at adults and focused on the relationship between Clark Kent and Lois Lane as much as Superman's heroics. Smallville aired from to The show was targeted at young adults.
Although Clark engages in heroics in this show, he doesn't wear a costume, nor does he call himself Superboy. Rather, he relies on misdirection and his blinding speed to avoid being recognized.
Superman: The Animated Series with the voice of Tim Daly on the main character aired from to After the show's cancellation, this version of Superman appeared in the sequel shows Batman Beyond voiced by Christopher McDonald aired from to and Justice League and Justice League Unlimited voiced by George Newbern , which ran from to All of these shows were produced by Bruce Timm.
This was the most successful and longest-running animated version of Superman. Superman has appeared in a series of direct-to-video animated movies produced by Warner Bros.
Animation called DC Universe Animated Original Movies , beginning with Superman: Doomsday in Many of these movies are adaptations of popular comic book stories.
Superman, played by Tyler Hoechlin , appears as a guest star in several television series on The CW that are part of the Arrowverse shared universe: Supergirl , The Flash and Arrow.
The first electronic game was simply titled Superman , and released in for the Atari The last game centered on Superman was Superman Returns adapted from the movie in Superman has appeared in later games in a co-starring role, such as Injustice 2 DC Comics trademarked the Superman chest logo in August The earliest paraphernalia appeared in a button proclaiming membership in the Supermen of America club.
The first toy was a wooden doll in made by the Ideal Novelty and Toy Company. During World War II , Superman was used to support the war effort.
Action Comics and Superman carried messages urging readers to buy war bonds and participate in scrap drives. In a contract dated 1 March , Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster gave away the copyright to Superman to their employer, DC Comics then known as Detective Comics, Inc.
This was normal practice in the comic magazine industry and they had done the same with their previous published works Slam Bradley , Doctor Occult , etc.
Siegel wrote most of the magazine and daily newspaper stories until he was conscripted into the army in , whereupon the task was passed to ghostwriters.
Siegel was furious because DC Comics did this without having bought the character. After Siegel's discharge from the Army, he and Shuster sued DC Comics in for the rights to Superman and Superboy.
The judge ruled that Superman belonged to DC Comics, but that Superboy was a separate entity that belonged to Siegel. In , Siegel and Shuster attempted to regain rights to Superman using the renewal option in the Copyright Act of , but the court ruled Siegel and Shuster had transferred the renewal rights to DC Comics in Siegel and Shuster appealed, but the appeals court upheld this decision.
DC Comics fired Siegel when he filed this second lawsuit. In , Siegel and a number of other comic book writers and artists launched a public campaign for better compensation and treatment of comic creators.
Warner Brothers agreed to give Siegel and Shuster a yearly stipend, full medical benefits, and credit their names in all future Superman productions in exchange for never contesting ownership of Superman.
Siegel and Shuster upheld this bargain. Shuster died in DC Comics offered Shuster's heirs a stipend in exchange for never challenging ownership of Superman, which they accepted for some years.
Siegel died in His heirs attempted to take the rights to Superman using the termination provision of the Copyright Act of DC Comics also agreed to insert the line "By Special Arrangement with the Jerry Siegel Family" in all future Superman productions.
Copyright lawyer and movie producer Marc Toberoff then struck a deal with the heirs of both Siegel and Shuster to help them get the rights to Superman in exchange for signing the rights over to his production company, Pacific Pictures.
Both groups accepted. The Siegel heirs called off their deal with DC Comics and in sued DC for the rights to Superman and Superboy. In , the judge ruled in favor of the Siegels.
DC Comics appealed the decision, and the appeals court ruled in favor of DC, arguing that the October letter was binding.
In , the Shuster heirs served a termination notice for Shuster's grant of his half of the copyright to Superman. DC Comics sued the Shuster heirs in , and the court ruled in DC's favor on the grounds that the agreement with the Shuster heirs barred them from terminating the grant.
Under current US copyright law, Superman is due to enter the public domain in Versions of him with later developments, such as his power of " heat vision " introduced in , may persist under copyright until the works they were introduced in enter the public domain themselves.
Superman's success immediately begat a wave of imitations. The most successful of these at this early age was Captain Marvel , first published by Fawcett Comics in December Captain Marvel had many similarities to Superman: Herculean strength, invulnerability, the ability to fly, a cape, a secret identity, and a job as a journalist.
DC Comics filed a lawsuit against Fawcett Comics for copyright infringement. The trial began in March after seven years of discovery.
The judge ruled that Fawcett had indeed infringed on Superman. However, the judge also found that the copyright notices that appeared with the Superman newspaper strips did not meet the technical standards of the Copyright Act of and were therefore invalid.
Furthermore, since the newspaper strips carried stories adapted from Action Comics , the judge ruled that DC Comics had effectively abandoned the copyright to the Action Comics stories.
The judge ruled that DC Comics had effectively abandoned the copyright to Superman and therefore forfeited its right to sue Fawcett for copyright infringement.
DC Comics appealed this decision. Any negative review for Superman III , however, was nothing compared to the totally negative reception its successor would receive.
Superman IV: The Quest for Peace was released in After Superman III , Reeve vowed that he was done with Superman. The nuclear disarmament plot was his idea.
Cannon Films purchased the production rights to the character of Superman from Alexander Salkind and his son Ilya Salkind , the original producers of the film series, in the mids.
The film was both a critical failure and a box-office disappointment , becoming the lowest-grossing Superman film to date.
Reeve later said, "the less said about Superman IV the better. Reeve would have made a fifth Superman film after the rights to the character reverted to Alexander Salkind , Ilya Salkind , and Pierre Spengler if said film had a budget the same size as that of Superman: The Movie.
Although there was potential for such a film in the late s after Cannon Films went bankrupt , Reeve never received any script. In , two years before Reeve's accident, the Salkinds sold the rights to the character of Superman again, this time to Warner Bros.
Reeves's [sic] accident, it never saw the light of day. Reeve as Richard Collier romanced actress Elise McKenna, a popular stage actress from the early 20th century, played by Jane Seymour.
The film was shot on Mackinac Island using the Grand Hotel in mid, and was Reeve's favorite film ever to shoot.
After the film was completed, the plan was for a limited release and to build word of mouth, but early test screenings were favorable and the studio decided on a wide release, which ultimately proved to be the wrong strategy.
Early reviews savaged the film as overly sentimental and melodramatic, and an actors' strike prevented Reeve and Seymour from doing publicity.
The film, commercially unsuccessful, was Reeve's first public disappointment. However, almost 10 years after Somewhere in Time was released, at a time when other period films were beginning to be made, it became a cult film favorite, thanks to screenings on cable networks and video rentals ; its popularity began to grow, vindicating the belief of the creative team.
INSITE, the International Network of Somewhere in Time Enthusiasts, did fundraising to sponsor a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in for Reeve.
Jane Seymour became a personal friend of Reeve and in named one of her twin sons Kristopher in his honor. In that same year, Reeve made a guest appearance on The Muppet Show , where he performed " East of the Sun and West of the Moon " on a piano for Miss Piggy , who had a crush on him.
Reeve denied being Superman but displayed the superpowers throughout that entire episode. He then returned to continue filming on the not yet finished production of Superman II.
After finishing Superman II , Reeve and his family left London and rented a house in Hollywood Hills. Soon after, Reeve grew tired of Hollywood and took the family to Williamstown, Massachusetts , where he played the lead in the successful play The Front Page , directed by Robert Allan Ackerman.
Later in the year, Reeve played a disabled Vietnam veteran in Lanford Wilson 's play Fifth of July on Broadway to excellent reviews.
In Reeve stretched his acting range further and played a devious novice playwright with questionable motives regarding his lover and mentor Michael Caine , in Sidney Lumet 's suspenseful dark comedy film Deathtrap , based on the play by Ira Levin.
The film was well received. The same year, Reeve portrayed partially corrupt Catholic priest John Flaherty making challenging decisions during World War II in Monsignor.
Reeve felt this gave him the opportunity to play "a morally ambiguous character who was neither clearly good nor clearly bad, someone to whom life is much more complex than the characters I've played previously".
He said "the movie is sort of a series of outrageous incidents that you find hard to believe. Since they don't have a focus, and since they aren't justified and explained, they become laughable".
Reeve was then offered the role of Basil Ransom in 's The Bostonians alongside Vanessa Redgrave. Though Reeve ordinarily commanded over one million dollars per film, the producers could only afford to pay him one-tenth of that.
Reeve had no complaints, as he was happy to be doing a role of which he could be proud. The film exceeded expectations and performed well at the box office for what was considered to be an art house film.
The New York Times called it "the best adaptation of a literary work yet made for the screen. When he told her that he was currently shooting the version of Anna Karenina , she said, "Oh, that's a terrible mistake.
Reeve was a licensed pilot and flew solo across the Atlantic twice. During the filming of Superman III , he raced his sailplane in his free time.
He joined The Tiger Club, a group of aviators who had served in the Royal Air Force in the Battle of Britain. They let him participate in mock dogfights in vintage World War I combat planes.
The producers of the film The Aviator approached him without knowing that he was a pilot and that he knew how to fly a Stearman , the plane used in the film.
Reeve readily accepted the role. The film was shot in Kranjska Gora , and Reeve performed all his own stunts. In , Reeve appeared in The Aspern Papers with Vanessa Redgrave.
He then played Tony in The Royal Family and the Count in a modern adaptation of the play The Marriage of Figaro. In , Reeve hosted the television documentary Dinosaur!
Fascinated with dinosaurs since he was a child, as he says in the documentary, he flew himself to New York in his own plane to shoot on location at the American Museum of Natural History.
Also, in , DC Comics named Reeve as one of the honorees in the company's 50th-anniversary publication Fifty Who Made DC Great for his work on the Superman film series.
In , he was still struggling to find scripts that he liked. A script named Street Smart had been lying in his house for years, and after re-reading it, he had Cannon Films green-light it.
He starred opposite Morgan Freeman , who was nominated for his first Academy Award for the film. The film received excellent reviews but performed poorly at the box office, possibly because Cannon Films had failed to properly advertise it.
After the filming of Superman IV in February , Reeve and Exton separated and Reeve returned to New York. He was given a lead in Switching Channels.
Burt Reynolds and Kathleen Turner had a feud during filming, which made the time even more unbearable for Reeve. Reeve later stated that he made a fool of himself in the film and that most of his time was spent refereeing between Reynolds and Turner.
The film did poorly, and Reeve believed that it marked the end of his movie star career. He spent the next years mostly doing plays.
He auditioned for the Richard Gere role in Pretty Woman but walked out on the audition because they had a half-hearted casting director fill in for Julia Roberts.
In the late s, Reeve became more active. He was taking horse-riding lessons and trained five to six days a week for competition in combined training events.
He built a sailboat, The Sea Angel, and sailed from the Chesapeake to Nova Scotia. In , Reeve starred in the American Civil War film The Rose and the Jackal , in which he played Allan Pinkerton , the head of President Lincoln 's new Secret Service.
In October, Reeve was offered the part of Lewis in The Remains of the Day. The script was one of the best he had read, and he unhesitatingly took the part.
The film was deemed an instant classic and was nominated for eight Academy Awards. In the early s, Reeve was in three roles for television in which he was cast as a villain.
The movie received fair to positive reviews. In the s, Reeve received scripts for Picket Fences and Chicago Hope and was asked by CBS if he wanted to start his own television series.
This meant moving to Los Angeles, which would place him even further from his children, who lived in London. In Massachusetts, Reeve could take a Concorde and see them anytime.
He declined the offers. Reeve did not mind making trips, however; he went to New Mexico to shoot Speechless , co-starring Michael Keaton.
Incidentally, like Reeve with Superman, Michael Keaton himself, would gain notoriety for his portrayal of a DC Comics superhero, in the form of Batman.
Both of these films with this title were based on the novel The Midwich Cuckoos by John Wyndham. Shortly before his accident, Reeve played a paralyzed police officer in the HBO movie Above Suspicion.
He did research at a rehabilitation hospital in Van Nuys and learned how to use a wheelchair to get in and out of cars.
In , Reeve was offered the lead in Kidnapped. He also planned to direct his first big screen film, a romantic comedy entitled Tell Me True.
Mxyzptlk , suprotan Superman, poznat kao Bizarro i Kriptonski kriminalac General Zod. Izvor: Wikipedija.
Kategorije : Filmski likovi DC Comics, likovi. Imenski prostori Stranica Razgovor.